What is SB 1383?

SB 1383 is a California Senate Bill that was passed in 2016 as a statewide effort to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants. Specifically, the law sets the following targets:

  • Reduce statewide disposal of organic waste 50% by 2020 and 75% by 2025 (based on 2014 levels); and
  • Recover a minimum of 20% of surplus edible food safe (that is currently being landfilled) by 2025.

The complete text on the final regulations for SB 1383 can be found on the CalRecycle website. CalRecycle is the state agency responsible for creating the regulatory standards for SB 1383. 

 

 

Why was SB 1383 passed?

The purpose of this organics law is to reduce greenhouse gases such as methane, which are created when compostable materials such as food scraps and other organic materials get landfilled and decompose anaerobically (without oxygen). This law builds upon California’s efforts to reduce air pollution statewide.

Additionally, SB 1383 addresses the issue of food waste and insecurity. About 40% of all food produced in the U.S. is wasted, and almost 1 out of 4 Californians are food insecure. The edible food recovery requirement will help feed those who are food insecure and prevent edible food (more compostable material) from being landfilled.
 

 

What are organics?

Organic materials (aka organics or organic waste) are solid wastes containing material originated from living organisms and their metabolic waste products. To learn more about what is considered organic waste and/or what to do with your organic waste in Napa County, visit our compost page here.

 

How does SB 1383 impact me as a resident?

All residents living in single-family homes are automatically provided curbside compost service. If you do not have compost service, please contact Napa Recycling to set up your service.

 

How does SB 1383 impact me as a business?

If you own a business or multi-family housing complex (of five units or more), you are required to divert organic materials from the landfill by:

  • Subscribing to and participating in the organics collection service via your garbage collection company or;
  • Self-haul organic waste to a specified composting facility (see list here). Note: Records of this service MUST be maintained including weight tickets from the facility where the materials were delivered to.
  • Provide collection containers for organic waste and recyclables to employees, contractors, tenants, and customers. Collection service must be arranged so that access to an adequate number, size, and location of containers with correct labels is available.
  • Provide indoor containers for organic waste and recyclables in all areas where disposal containers are provided for customers, except in restrooms (multi-family dwellings are exempt). 
  • Annually provide educational information about the legal requirements to compost and recycle including how to properly sort between the three waste streams.
Is my business classified as a food service business (commercial food generator) that must comply with SB 1383?

Food service businesses (commercial food generators) are currently split into two tiers. Read below to check if your business falls under either tier:

Tier One must comply with edible food recovery requirements by January 1, 2022.

This includes:

  • Supermarkets
  • Grocery stores (with a total facility size 10,000 square feet or more).
  • Foodservice distributors
  • Wholesale food markets

Tier Two must comply with edible food recovery requirements by January 1, 2024.

This includes:

  • Restaurants (with 250 seats or more, or 5,000 square feet or more)
  • Hotels (with on-site food facility and 200 rooms or more)
  • Health facilities (with onsite food facility and 100 or more beds)
  • State agencies (with a cafeteria with 250 or more seats, or 5,000 square feet or more)
  • Local education agencies (with an onsite food facility)
  • Large venues and events

If your business falls under either tier, you must arrange to recover the maximum amount of edible food that would otherwise go to landfills and maintain records of your compliance. For more information, visit CalRecycle’s page on Food Recovery.


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